Million Years Ago (TTOL)
Mean: 78.97 Mya
Median: 78.97 Mya





Oryctolagus cuniculus
79.0 Million Years Ago (TTOL)

79.0 Mya (median, 50 studies)

Click on timescale or black dots for more info.

Molecular Time Estimates

*Note: If you would like to suggest your publication for inclusion, and it is not yet in TimeTree (see list of studies), you can send us the reference information for the publication using the contact page.

Time Reference Year
78.0 Swanson et al. 2019
59.5 Tapaltsyan et al. 2015
79.6 Humphreys et al. 2014
52.6 Yin et al. 2014
74.1 Pozzi et al. 2014
77.8 Ge et al. 2013
76.8 Davies et al. 2013
117.6 Liu et al. 2012
70.8 dos Reis et al. 2012
78.4 Ge et al. 2012
61.7 Wu et al. 2012
83.4 Soria-Carrasco et al. 2012
77.1 Meredith et al. 2011
75.3 Jameson et al. 2011
70.1 Horn et al. 2011
82.7 Nilsson et al. 2010
83.7 Pyron et al. 2010
89.0 Fritz et al. 2009
76.9 Matsui et al. 2009
86.4 Hedges et al. 2009
72.7 Alfaro et al. 2009
83.0 Arnason et al. 2008
83.5 Montgelard et al. 2008
83.5 Hallström et al. 2008
86.4 Murphy et al. 2007
85.7 Janecka et al. 2007
61.6 Kitazoe et al. 2007
62.7 Horner et al. 2007
76.2 Hallström et al. 2007
80.1 Huchon et al. 2007
91.8 Bininda-Emonds et al. 2007
78.0 Hugall et al. 2007
93.0 Kullberg et al. 2006
87.0 Poux et al. 2006
54.7 Douzery et al. 2004
105.2 Adkins et al. 2003
131.0 Misawa et al. 2003
81.0 Douady et al. 2003
74.6 Hasegawa et al. 2003
73.5 Woodburne et al. 2003
66.0 Douzery et al. 2003
115.0 Arnason et al. 2002
64.5 Huchon et al. 2002
107.2 Nikaido et al. 2001
101.9 Cao et al. 2000
104.9 Huelsenbeck et al. 2000
125.0 Penny et al. 1999
31.8 Saccone et al. 1991

CAUTION: We recommend that the users carefully examine individual study results provided before using summary information.

How It Works

Two species or higher taxa are queried (e.g., cat and dog).

TimeTree looks for these species in the TTOL to find their most recent common ancestor and produces the time estimate available. All studies with published times of divergence for that evolutionary split are shown in a Table format. When one or both of the species are not present in TTOL, the NCBI taxonomy is scanned to find the closest relatives of the species or higher taxa requested by the user. Then, those taxa are used as proxies and the most recent common ancestor identified to generate the final time estimates.



The TimeTree of Life from an assembly of all individual timetrees from the Time Tree of Life book. Order an offset print or download the file to print your own.


On our Results page, you can download all individual time estimates and study data associated with the query. The iPhone and iPad apps, and all chapters of the Timetree of Life book, can be downloaded by using their respective links. In addition, we will soon make available a facility to download timetrees consisting of multiple species, where users will also be able to input their own species trees. These facilities will be available for a large number of species (>50,000 species) as soon as we complete the processing and synthesis of results from over 2000 studies into this resource. In the meantime, we provide the >50,000-species timetree of life as a download here.

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