Summary

human

Homo sapiens

golden hamster

Mesocricetus auratus

89.8

Million Years Ago (TTOL)
Mean: 89.82 Mya
Median: 88.60 Mya

Summary

human

Homo sapiens
Versus

golden hamster

Mesocricetus auratus
89.8 Million Years Ago (TTOL)

88.6 Mya (median, 84 studies)

Click on timescale or black dots for more info.


Molecular Time Estimates

*Note: If you would like to suggest your publication for inclusion, and it is not yet in TimeTree (see list of studies), you can send us the reference information for the publication using the contact page.

Time Reference Year
72.6 Laurin et al. 2018
51.9 Delsuc et al. 2018
100.8 dos Reis et al. 2015
71.1 Betancur-R et al. 2015
99.9 Padhi et al. 2015
125.2 Shao et al. 2015
81.3 Pozzi et al. 2014
58.4 Yin et al. 2014
79.9 Ge et al. 2013
82.1 Soares et al. 2013
66.9 Betancur-R et al. 2013
85.4 Davies et al. 2013
78.8 Chen et al. 2012
79.9 Nyakatura et al. 2012
97.9 Mulcahy et al. 2012
81.3 Ge et al. 2012
75.7 dos Reis et al. 2012
110.4 Crottini et al. 2012
117.6 Liu et al. 2012
65.2 Wu et al. 2012
78.0 Psouni et al. 2012
74.0 Shen et al. 2012
87.0 Soria-Carrasco et al. 2012
79.6 Jameson et al. 2011
265.1 David et al. 2011
76.0 Horn et al. 2011
81.6 Meredith et al. 2011
75.1 Hallström et al. 2011
91.2 Roelants et al. 2010
89.7 Pyron et al. 2010
65.7 Babb et al. 2010
91.0 Hedges et al. 2009
81.0 Alfaro et al. 2009
91.9 Fritz et al. 2009
90.5 Matsui et al. 2009
73.0 Phillips et al. 2009
170.0 Kang et al. 2008
88.4 Hallström et al. 2008
65.3 Horner et al. 2007
94.5 Bininda-Emonds et al. 2007
70.1 Kitazoe et al. 2007
83.0 Hugall et al. 2007
88.1 Huchon et al. 2007
88.8 Janecka et al. 2007
90.1 Hallström et al. 2007
91.0 Murphy et al. 2007
97.0 Kullberg et al. 2006
68.0 Drummond et al. 2006
94.0 Poux et al. 2006
110.0 Blair et al. 2005
68.4 Douzery et al. 2004
89.0 Delsuc et al. 2004
95.5 Nei et al. 2003
86.0 Springer et al. 2003
70.5 Douzery et al. 2003
86.0 Douady et al. 2003
105.9 Adkins et al. 2003
103.0 Misawa et al. 2003
84.5 Woodburne et al. 2003
89.0 Hasegawa et al. 2003
115.0 Arnason et al. 2002
69.0 Eizirik et al. 2001
95.5 Nei et al. 2001
107.2 Nikaido et al. 2001
101.9 Cao et al. 2000
95.0 Hedges et al. 2000
100.0 Hausdorf et al. 2000
104.9 Huelsenbeck et al. 2000
125.0 Penny et al. 1999
70.6 Matassi et al. 1999
103.9 Kumar et al. 1998
122.0 Easteal et al. 1997
120.0 Janke et al. 1997
108.5 Holmes et al. 1991
92.3 Hasegawa et al. 1985

CAUTION: We recommend that the users carefully examine individual study results provided before using summary information.

How It Works

Two species or higher taxa are queried (e.g., cat and dog).

TimeTree looks for these species in the TTOL to find their most recent common ancestor and produces the time estimate available. All studies with published times of divergence for that evolutionary split are shown in a Table format. When one or both of the species are not present in TTOL, the NCBI taxonomy is scanned to find the closest relatives of the species or higher taxa requested by the user. Then, those taxa are used as proxies and the most recent common ancestor identified to generate the final time estimates.

 

Poster

The TimeTree of Life from an assembly of all individual timetrees from the Time Tree of Life book. Order an offset print or download the file to print your own.

Downloads

On our Results page, you can download all individual time estimates and study data associated with the query. The iPhone and iPad apps, and all chapters of the Timetree of Life book, can be downloaded by using their respective links. In addition, we will soon make available a facility to download timetrees consisting of multiple species, where users will also be able to input their own species trees. These facilities will be available for a large number of species (>50,000 species) as soon as we complete the processing and synthesis of results from over 2000 studies into this resource. In the meantime, we provide the >50,000-species timetree of life as a download here.


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