cat family





Million Years Ago (TTOL)
Mean: 94.00 Mya
Median: 94.00 Mya


cat family



94.0 Million Years Ago (TTOL)

94.0 Mya (median, 124 studies)

Click on timescale or black dots for more info.

Molecular Time Estimates

*Note: If you would like to suggest your publication for inclusion, and it is not yet in TimeTree (see list of studies), you can send us the reference information for the publication using the contact page.

Time Reference Year
109.3 Li et al. 2018
79.9 Laurin et al. 2018
62.0 Delsuc et al. 2018
92.2 Igea et al. 2015
113.3 Padhi et al. 2015
88.0 Pozzi et al. 2014
88.6 Soares et al. 2013
94.5 Wang et al. 2013
101.6 Davies et al. 2013
69.8 Wu et al. 2012
92.4 Soria-Carrasco et al. 2012
83.0 Shen et al. 2012
105.7 Nyakatura et al. 2012
65.6 Ge et al. 2012
83.8 dos Reis et al. 2012
117.8 Crottini et al. 2012
92.7 Psouni et al. 2012
83.3 Jameson et al. 2011
89.6 Meredith et al. 2011
95.0 Sudarto et al. 2010
116.6 Pyron et al. 2010
88.6 Alfaro et al. 2009
85.6 Phillips et al. 2009
96.2 Fritz et al. 2009
97.4 Hedges et al. 2009
103.8 Matsui et al. 2009
99.0 Arnason et al. 2008
113.0 Igawa et al. 2008
95.3 Hallström et al. 2008
98.9 Bininda-Emonds et al. 2007
74.6 Kitazoe et al. 2007
96.4 Hallström et al. 2007
97.4 Murphy et al. 2007
98.0 Hugall et al. 2007
144.1 Pereira et al. 2006
81.0 Drummond et al. 2006
101.0 Poux et al. 2006
76.7 Douzery et al. 2004
94.0 Delsuc et al. 2004
74.5 Douzery et al. 2003
91.0 Woodburne et al. 2003
97.8 Nei et al. 2003
94.0 Douady et al. 2003
104.9 Glazko et al. 2003
94.0 Misawa et al. 2003
91.5 Springer et al. 2003
83.2 Huchon et al. 2002
107.2 Nikaido et al. 2001
83.5 Eizirik et al. 2001
65.3 Matassi et al. 1999
151.5 Waddell et al. 1999
92.0 Kumar et al. 1998
80.0 Schreiber et al. 1997
101.5 Hedges et al. 1996
103.5 Janke et al. 1994
45.4 Saccone et al. 1991

CAUTION: We recommend that the users carefully examine individual study results provided before using summary information.

How It Works

Two species or higher taxa are queried (e.g., cat and dog).

TimeTree looks for these species in the TTOL to find their most recent common ancestor and produces the time estimate available. All studies with published times of divergence for that evolutionary split are shown in a Table format. When one or both of the species are not present in TTOL, the NCBI taxonomy is scanned to find the closest relatives of the species or higher taxa requested by the user. Then, those taxa are used as proxies and the most recent common ancestor identified to generate the final time estimates.



The TimeTree of Life from an assembly of all individual timetrees from the Time Tree of Life book. Order an offset print or download the file to print your own.


On our Results page, you can download all individual time estimates and study data associated with the query. The iPhone and iPad apps, and all chapters of the Timetree of Life book, can be downloaded by using their respective links. In addition, we will soon make available a facility to download timetrees consisting of multiple species, where users will also be able to input their own species trees. These facilities will be available for a large number of species (>50,000 species) as soon as we complete the processing and synthesis of results from over 2000 studies into this resource. In the meantime, we provide the >50,000-species timetree of life as a download here.

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