Summary

human

Homo sapiens

chimpanzee

Pan troglodytes

6.7

Million Years Ago (TTOL)
Mean: 6.65 Mya
Median: 6.40 Mya

Summary

human

Homo sapiens
Versus

chimpanzee

Pan troglodytes
6.7 Million Years Ago (TTOL)

6.4 Mya (median, 93 studies)

Click on timescale or black dots for more info.


Molecular Time Estimates

*Note: If you would like to suggest your publication for inclusion, and it is not yet in TimeTree (see list of studies), you can send us the reference information for the publication using the contact page.

Time Reference Year
5.8 Antonelli et al. 2017
5.5 Di Fiore et al. 2015
6.1 Padhi et al. 2015
6.1 Kistler et al. 2015
7.7 Pozzi et al. 2014
6.0 Das et al. 2014
6.8 Schrago et al. 2013
10.7 Davies et al. 2013
6.9 Soares et al. 2013
6.2 Zinner et al. 2013
8.9 Montagnon et al. 2013
6.2 Soria-Carrasco et al. 2012
7.3 Psouni et al. 2012
9.9 Crottini et al. 2012
8.2 dos Reis et al. 2012
7.2 Schrago et al. 2012
14.8 Liu et al. 2012
6.6 Perelman et al. 2011
6.5 Meyer et al. 2011
6.4 Roos et al. 2011
7.2 Jameson et al. 2011
7.5 Wilkinson et al. 2011
7.9 Xia et al. 2011
139.7 David et al. 2011
6.1 Israfil et al. 2011
6.7 Chiou et al. 2011
5.8 Bjork et al. 2011
6.3 Chan et al. 2010
4.7 Stone et al. 2010
6.6 Babb et al. 2010
6.5 Hodgson et al. 2009
7.5 Fabre et al. 2009
6.2 Matsui et al. 2009
8.8 Fritz et al. 2009
5.7 Goldberg et al. 2009
9.0 Hallström et al. 2008
6.0 Kang et al. 2008
4.1 Hobolth et al. 2007
8.5 Hallström et al. 2007
6.8 Kitazoe et al. 2007
6.1 Horner et al. 2007
6.6 Steiper et al. 2006
6.0 Yang et al. 2006
6.0 Kumar et al. 2005
6.3 Raaum et al. 2005
6.8 Switzer et al. 2005
6.8 Eizirik et al. 2004
6.0 Seo et al. 2004
5.3 Glazko et al. 2003
7.4 Hasegawa et al. 2003
6.4 Schrago et al. 2003
5.1 Wildman et al. 2003
8.1 Yang et al. 2003
6.2 Nei et al. 2003
11.0 Arnason et al. 2002
6.0 Stone et al. 2002
8.4 Otsuka et al. 2001
5.4 Chen et al. 2001
5.4 Stauffer et al. 2001
6.6 Nikaido et al. 2001
4.3 Yoder et al. 2000
6.7 Cao et al. 2000
13.0 Arnason et al. 2000
7.0 Huelsenbeck et al. 2000
6.0 Goodman et al. 1998
5.5 Kumar et al. 1998
4.5 Takahata et al. 1997
3.8 Easteal et al. 1997
12.1 Arnason et al. 1996
3.6 Adachi et al. 1995
4.9 Horai et al. 1995
4.6 Takahata et al. 1995
5.3 Takezaki et al. 1995
4.7 Horai et al. 1992
6.5 Bailey et al. 1991
4.5 Hasegawa et al. 1991
9.6 Saccone et al. 1991
6.4 Sakoyama et al. 1987
2.7 Hasegawa et al. 1985

CAUTION: We recommend that the users carefully examine individual study results provided before using summary information.

How It Works

Two species or higher taxa are queried (e.g., cat and dog).

TimeTree looks for these species in the TTOL to find their most recent common ancestor and produces the time estimate available. All studies with published times of divergence for that evolutionary split are shown in a Table format. When one or both of the species are not present in TTOL, the NCBI taxonomy is scanned to find the closest relatives of the species or higher taxa requested by the user. Then, those taxa are used as proxies and the most recent common ancestor identified to generate the final time estimates.

 

Poster

The TimeTree of Life from an assembly of all individual timetrees from the Time Tree of Life book. Order an offset print or download the file to print your own.

Downloads

On our Results page, you can download all individual time estimates and study data associated with the query. The iPhone and iPad apps, and all chapters of the Timetree of Life book, can be downloaded by using their respective links. In addition, we will soon make available a facility to download timetrees consisting of multiple species, where users will also be able to input their own species trees. These facilities will be available for a large number of species (>50,000 species) as soon as we complete the processing and synthesis of results from over 2000 studies into this resource. In the meantime, we provide the >50,000-species timetree of life as a download here.


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